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高中英语必修一3MyFirstRideonaTrain教师版学案

高中英语必修一 MODULE 3 My First Ride on a Train

 (鞍山市岫岩三高中 姜忠杰)

 

Words


1、distance 

Camels were much better than horses for traveling a long distance.(回归课本P23)

对于长途旅行来说骆驼比马更好。

品句会意

1.Recently I had my first ride on a long distance train.

2.I can hear the distant sound of music.

3.Pat sounded very cold and distant on the phone.  

我来总结1)distance是n词,意思是距离,如句1

2)distant 是adj词, 意思是遥远的,远处的如例句2; 意思是冷淡的,疏远的,如句3

联想拓展

in the distance在远处,在远方

at a distance稍远处

at a distance of+具体距离   在……远的地方

from a distance从远方

keep one's distance from与……保持一定距离

keep sb. at a distance与某人保持距离;疏远

以练促记

The faces of the famous American Presidents on Mount Rushmore can be seen from a   B  of  60 miles.

A.lengthB.distance

C.wayD.space

 

2、abandoned

We saw abandoned farms which were built more than a hundred years ago.(回归课本23)我们看见了建于一百多年前的被遗弃的农场

品句会意

He abandoned his wife and went away with all their money.

我来总结abandon是及物动词,意为 放弃,抛弃,遗弃,abandoned farms是过去分词作定语

联想拓展

abandon oneself to (doing) sth.

以练促记

   D  to pleasure,he forgot that everything earned was not easy.

  A.AbandoningB.Having abandoned

  C.Be abandonedD.Abandoned

 

3、product

For many years,trained camels carried food and other supplies,and returned with wool and other products.(回归课本P23)

品句会意

The plan was the product of many day's careful thought. 

我来总结product是名词,意为产品(尤指工业产品),如课文原句。

如品句会意,意为结果,成果

联想拓展

product .cn.产品,产物

production .un.生产,产量 .cn.艺术作品

produce .un. 农产品 .vt. 生产,制造

以练促记

(1) Thousands of men were employed in the production of the cars.

(2)The plan was the product of many days of careful thought.

(3)This famous author has produced little in the last few tears.

 

4. scenery

For the first few hundred kilometers of the journey,the scenery was very colorful.

在旅行的前几百公里,景色非常迷人。 (回归课本P23)

我来总结scenery是不可数名词,意为景色

联想拓展scenery/view/scene/sight/landscape

(1)scenery是不可数名词,指某地总的自然风景

或景色。

(2)view是可数名词,指从远处或高处看到的景观

或景物。

(3)scene是可数名词,常指自然风景,一般是

scenery的一部分;还可指舞台的场景和有人物活动的场面

(4)sight指“景色、情景、奇观”讲时为可数名

词;sights表示“景色,名胜”的含义。

(5)landscape是不可数名词,指某一地区内见到

的由丘陵、山谷、原野等构成的风景。

以练促记用scenery,view,scene,sight,landscape的适当形式填空

(1)What a quiet but lively scene ! Lambs  jumped about on the grassland.

(2)We passed through some beautiful scenery on our journey through the Lake

District.

(3)The landscape is typical of Scotland, with high mountains,lakes and deep

   Valleys.

(4)I was so busy that I had no time to see the sights of New York.

(5)You can get a fine view of the town from the top of the hill.

 

5.shoot

In 1925,they passed a law which allowed people to shoot the animals if they were a problem.(回归课本P23)

在1925年,他们通过了一项法律,如果动物成为问题,允许人们射杀它。

品句会意

He shot a bird and killed it. He shot at a bird,but missed it. The movie was shot in black and white.

我来总结: 如例句1,shoot是及物动词,shoot sb./sth. 意为射中某人或某物。

如例句2,shoot是不及物动词,shoot at sb./sth.例句3,意为拍摄,摄影

以练促记

1.The soldier was shot(被射中) in the right leg.

2.He has to shoot (拍摄) a big scene tomorrow.


6 . frighten

The eagle suddenly flew in the air and frightened me.

鹰突然在空中飞起来,使我很害怕。(回归课本P26)

品句会意 

1.They frightened the white bird away by rising to their feet suddenly.

2.I was frightened by the snake.

3The lawyers frightened the old lady into signing the paper.

我来总结:如句1,frighten是及物动词,意为使吃惊,惊吓

例句3,frighten sb. into (doing) sth.,意为吓得某人去做某事,其反义短语为frighten sb. out of doing sth.意为吓得某人不敢做某事 

联想拓展

fright .n.惊吓,害怕

frighten .vt. 使吃惊 (frightened/frightening)

以练促记

All the stone figures in the temple looked so B     .

A.frightenedB.frightening  C.delightedD.surprised

 

7.track

品句会意

1.a mountain track

2.We followed the bear's tracks in the snow.

3.The hunter tracked a bear.

我来总结:例句1 ,意为小路,小道。例句2,意为足迹,痕迹,常用作复数。例句3,track是动词,意为跟随,跟踪。

 

Phrases

 

1.get on上(车、船等);进展,进行;相处

We got on in Sydney and we got off in Alice Springs,right in the middle of Australia,more than four thousand kilometers away.

我们在悉尼上火车,在爱丽斯泉下车,恰好位于澳大利亚中部,在四千公里之外。

(回归课本P23)  

品句会意

1.Everything was getting on very well.

2.How are you getting on with your English?

3.He is not an easy man to get on with.

4.The workers couldn’t get on for lack of materials.

我来总结get on /along(with sth.)意为某事进展的怎么样,如例句1,2。与某人相处的怎么样,用get on/along with sb.如例句3.  例句4,get on 为进行

联想拓展

get away (from) 逃离;离开;摆脱

get off下车;动身,出发

get down to开始认真(干某事)(to为介词)

get rid of除掉,摆脱

get through通过;完成;接通(电话)

get together 欢聚;团聚

get in touch with 与……取得联系

以练促记

1.I used to quarrel a lot with my parents,but now we D  fine.

  A.look outB.stay up     

  C.carry onD.get on

2.Mary got  C    the bus,got      a car and

  then disappeared      the distance.

  A.off;on;inB.out of;into;in

  C.off;into;inD.out of;on;in

 

2.take off

品句会意 

The plane took off half an hour ago. I hear the business is taking off. The mother asked her son to take off his wet coat/take his wet coat off. He's decided to take three days off next week.

我来总结 take off意为(飞机,鸟等)起飞,如例句1; 例句2中意为(事业)腾飞;还意为脱掉或取下,常用take off sth.=take sth.off; 如例句4,take...off意为休息,休假

联想拓展

take over 接管

take up   占据(时间、空间等),开始从事,接着讲

take on   呈现;雇用

以练促记

To keep healthy,Mr. Wang took up walking as a regular form of exercise. He took off his hat and bowed as the president passed. It took up a whole week to make the dress.

 

Sun Yue,a promising new star,said goodbye to CBA for NBA and is ready to  A  in a new world of basketball.

  A.take offB.get off

  C.turn offD.come off

 

3.be short for

品句会意

WTO is short for World Trade Organization.  

我来总结be short for...意为是...的缩写/简称

联想拓展 与short相关的短语

1.for short 简称

2..be short of不足,短缺

3.in short总之,简言之

以练促记

1.He is short of excuse when things go wrong.

2.Joanna is called Jo for short.

3.VOA is short for Voice of America.

 

4.out of date

It’s out of date .它过期了。(回归课本P24)

品句会意 

1.This ticket is out of date.It’s two months old.

2.These machines are already a little out of date.

3.The dresses on show are out of date.

我来总结 out of date 意为过时,过期

联想拓展

up to date现代化的;最新式的

以练促记

—Why don’t the clothes sell well?

—They are    D  and few people are willing to buy them.

  A.out of control  B.out of condition C.out of count D.out of date

 

5.refer to...  

Some of the verbs can refer to more than one means of transport.其中一些动词可以涉及到不止一种交通方式。   (回归课本P21)

品句会意

1.In his speech,he didn’t refer to the problem at all.

2.refer to a dictionary/look up the word in the dictionary

3.What does the underlined word refer to?

4.California is referred to as the “Golden State”.

我来总结refer to..to为介词;例句1,意为提及,涉及;例句2,意为参考,查阅;例句3,意为指的是;例句4,refer to sb、sth. as...意为称...为...

以练促记

It was foolish of him to  B   his notes during that important test, and as a result, he got punished.

A  stick to  B refer to   C  keep to  D  point to.

  

INTRODUCTION

 

1.in the air

品句会意

1.which of them travel in the air?

2.Our plans are still in the air.

我来总结in the air意为在空中,未确定的,悬而未决的

联想拓展

on/off the air在广播/停止广播

2.match

品句会意 

1.strike a match

2.a football match

3.He can match you in tennis.

4.The doors were painted blue to match the walls.

我来总结 如例句1,2,match为名词,分别意为火柴和比赛;如例句3,4,match为动词,分别意为敌得过,比得上,与...相匹敌和与...相配,相称;

联想拓展 match,suit,fit,go with的区分

match 搭配,相配,强调两种事物的搭配

fit 适合,强调尺寸大小的适合

suit 适合,多指合乎需要、口味、性格、条件、地位等,颜色,款式适合

go with 配套,与...搭配

以练促记

1.The color of the suit doesn't match that of the coat.

2.I don't think the coat fits me.It's too small.

3.No dish suits all tastes.

4.Does the time suits you?

5.I want a hat to go with this dress.

 

 READING AND VOCABULARY

 

Fast reading

 

Read the text and choose the right answer.

1.Where was Alice Thompson going?

A  Afghanistan   B  Sydney  C  Alice Springs   D  China

 

2.What didn't she see after the first few hundred kilometers of the journey?

A  Desert  B  Clouds in the sky  C  Abandoned farms  D  Fields and red soil

 

3.We know from the text that______.

A  Alice will study in China very soon.

B . Alice didn't talk to other passengers

C. Camels ran faster than horses.

D. Camels could travel a long distance and bear the hot weather.

 

Language points

 

Where do you think most of the people live,in the central part of the country or on the coast? (回归课本P22)

你认为大多数人住在哪,国家的中心地区还是海岸?

我来总结 1)do you think作插入语,most of the people live是陈述语序。总结本句子的句型为特殊疑问词+插入语+陈述语序?

2)on the coast 在海岸线上

   off the coast 远离海岸线,离开海岸不远处

联想拓展

 常用于插入语的动词有believe,suppose,expect,imagine,suggest等

He is about 28,I think,and is rather good-looking.

以练促记

1.你建议谁被送到那?

Who do you suggest be sent there?(汉译英)

2.你认为会议什么时候举行?

When do you think the meeting will be held?

3.There are a lot of buildings on the coast._______________________

4.The island is off the coast.______________________________

 

2.What a ride!(回归课本P23)多么棒的的旅行啊!

我来总结 此句为感叹句,其结构为what+a/an+名词(主+谓)!

联想拓展  感叹句句式

1)What +a/an+(adj)+n单+(s+v)!

   What+(adj)+pl/u+(s+v)!

2) How+s+v!

   How+ adj/adv+s+v!

   How+adj+a/an+n单+(s+v)!

以练促记

1) 她是多么好的一个女孩啊!

What a beautiful girl she is!

How beautiful the girl is!/how beautiful a girl she is!

2) 这是多么好的消息啊!What good news it is!

3) 时间过得真快How time flies!

 

During the day,I sat and looked out of the window,and sometimes talked to other passengers.(回归课本P23)

在白天的时候,我坐着看着窗外,有时跟其他乘客聊聊天。

我来总结 look out of sth.意为向...外边看

联想拓展look的短语

look/watch out (for sth.)小心某物

look back on /at 回顾,回想

look down upon/on 瞧不起,轻视

look into 调查

look on 旁观

look on sb. as..把...视为

look over 快速查看

look through 仔细查看

look up to 尊敬,尊重

以练促记

1) ---__A____for the glasses!

  ----It's OK.I'm wearing shoes.

Look out  B. Walk out  C. Go out  D. Get out

2)It is reported that the police will soon_C___the case of two missing children.

look upon  B. look after  C. look into  D.look out

3)Would you please__D____the paper for me and see if there are any obvious mistakes?

 

4.Camels were much better than horses for traveling a long distance.

我来总结 much常修饰adj/adv的比较级

联想拓展常修饰比较级的词有

even,still,rather,much,many,any(常用于疑问句和否定句中),far,by far,a little,a bit,a lot,a great deal等

We are working still harder now.

This problem is a lot more difficult than that one.

He is taller by far than his brother.

以练促记

This year our school is__A___than it was last year.

much more beautiful  B.much beautiful  C.the most beautiful D.beautiful

 

5.The Afghans and their camels did this until the 1920s

阿富汗人和他们的骆驼运货直到20世纪20年代。

我来总结1) in/during the1920s/1920's,意为在二十世纪二十年代

         2)until用于肯定句和否定句的用法

until用于肯定句,意为直到...为止,主句谓语必须是延续性动词。

如:He waited until it was ten o'clock.

‚not...until...是否定句,意为直到...时候才开始,主句谓语动词时瞬间动词。

如:He won't go to bed until she returns.

I didn't leave until he came back.

ƒnot...until..句型的半倒装

Not until he came back,did I leave.

联想拓展 

in one's+基数词复数 意为在某人多少来岁的时候

in one's twenties

以练促记

1.他一直待在那直到她来

He remained there until she returns.

2.他一直到复习完了功课才来

He didn't come until he had gone over his lesson.

 

6 In 19225,they passed a law which allowed people to shoot the animals...

我来总结:允许某人做某事是allow sb. to do sth.,而允许做某事是allow doing sth.

联想拓展 

和allow一样用法的词有forbid,permit,advise

以练促记

他建议我去看医生

He advised me to see the doctor.

He advised seeing the doctor.

 

Function

What do you think of the ticket inspector's attitude?

我来总结:what do you think of...意为你认为...怎么样?

联想拓展

 How do you like/find...?

以练促记

你认为我们学校怎么样?

 

Everyday English

absolutely

品句会意:

1.You are absolutely right.

2.Absolutely! You are right.

我来总结:absolutely是副词,意为完全地,绝对地,如句1

在口语中可意为正是,当然。absolutely not 意为当然不会

联想拓展 

definitely在口语中也可以意为当然

以练促记

"Do you let your kids travel alone at night?"

"absolutely not"(翻译)

Cultural corner

speed

品句会意

We are traveling at a speed of 30 miles an/per hour.

我来总结:speed意为速度at a speed of 意为以...速度

联想拓展 

at top/full speed以全速

at high/low speed以高速、低速

 

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